Article 77 of the Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated May 15, 2007 (hereinafter – the Code) provides that the normal hours of work shall not exceed 40 hours per week.
Labor, collective agreements may provide for fewer working hours with pay as per normal working hours.
Code also provides for the establishment of reduced working time for certain categories of workers:
for workers aged fourteen to sixteen years – no more than 24 hours per week; from sixteen to eighteen years – no more than 36 hours per week (Article 181 of the Code);
for students of educational institutions that combine during the academic year the study and work at the age of fourteen to sixteen years – 2.5 hours per day, between the ages of sixteen and eighteen years – 3.5 hours per day (Article 181 of the Code);
for workers engaged in heavy work or work under harmful (particularly harmful) and (or) hazardous working conditions – no more than 36 hours per week (Article 202 of the Code);
for disabled workers of the first and second groups – no more than 36 hours per week (Article 224 of the Code).
Labor, collective agreements may provide for working time that is less than specified in Articles 181, 202, 224 of the Code.
In accordance with Article 91 of the Code time tracking, the employee actually worked should be carried out in organizations.
According to Article 82 of the Code in case of a five-day working week, duration of daily work (shift) cannot exceed 8 hours weekly if the limit is 40 hours , 7 hours and 12 minutes at the weekly limit of 36 hours, a six-day working week duration of daily work (shift ) cannot exceed: for workers with a weekly norm of working time of 40 hours – 7 hours, with a weekly limit of 36 hours – 6 hours, etc.
In this regard, the working time is:
For 40-hour working week:
for a five-day working week – five working days of 8 hours each ;
for a six-day working week – five working days of 7 hours each and one day of 5 hours.
For a 36-hour working week:
for a five-day working week – five working days of 7 hours 12 minutes each (7.20 hours);
for a six-day working week – six working days and 6 hours.
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 13, 2001 # 267 “On Holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan” days, which are the national and public holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be recognized as holidays in accordance with the labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Public holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan are non-working days. At coincidence weekends and holidays, a holiday shall be a business day following the holiday.
Holidays celebrated in the Republic of Kazakhstan:
Independence Day – December 16 – 17;
New Year – January 1-2;
International Women’s Day – March 8;
Nauryz – March 21-23;
Celebration of the Kazakhstan People’s Unity – May 1;
Defender’s Day – May 7;
Victory Day – May 9;
Capital City Day – July 6;
Constitution Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 30 August;
Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – December 1.
In this connection, in the preparation of the balance of working time in 2014 taking into account the provisions of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan”, holidays that coincide with weekends (Saturday, Sunday) will be postponed to the next working day after the holiday:
for a five – days working week: from March 8 to March 10;
from March 22 to March 24;
from 23 March to 25 March;
from July 6 to July 7;
from August 30 to September 1.
for a six-day working week:
from 23 March to 24 March;
from July 6 to July 7.
In accordance with Article 96 of the Code for the five-day and six-day working week Sunday is a common day off. The second day off for a five-day working week shall be determined by the act of the employer or the shift schedule. Both holidays are provided one after another, unless otherwise provided for by a collective or labor agreement. The first day of Kurban Ait celebrated under the Muslim calendar and January 7 – Orthodox Christmas are public holidays.
In 2014, the first day of Kurban Ait falls on October 4.
Factory calendar shows the standard working time for months, quarters, and the year 2014 as a whole presented in working days (hours). It is calculated on the calendar of a five-day and a six-day working week based on the eight, seven and six-hour working day, 40-hour and 36 – hour workweek.
In 2014, the standard working time is:
for the 40-hour working week:
five – day working week – 1968 hours (246 days * 8.00 hours);
six – day working week – 1983 hours (249 days * 7.00 hours + 48 days * 5.00 hours);
for the 36-hour working week:
five – day working week – 1771.2 hours (246 days * 7.20 hours);
six – day working week – 1782 hours (297 days * 6.00 hours).
The monthly average number of working days in 2014 is as follows:
a five-day working week – 20.5 days;
a six-day working week – 24.75 days.
The monthly average number of calendar days in 2014 is 29.25 (excluding holidays established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan).